About Ladakh

Geography.

ladakhLadakh ("land of high passes") is a region in Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir that currently extends from the Kunlun mountain range to the main Great Himalayas to the south, inhabited by people of Indo-Aryan and Tibetan descent.

It is one of the most sparsely populated regions in Jammu and Kashmir and its culture and history are closely related to that of Tibet. In the past Ladakh gained importance from its strategic location at the crossroads of important trade routes

The largest town in Ladakh is Leh, followed by Kargil  Ladakh is the highest plateau in the state of Jammu & Kashmir with much of it being over 3,000 m (9,800 ft).It extends from the Himalayan to the Kunlun Ranges and includes the upper Indus River valley. The peaks in the Ladakh Range are at a medium altitude close to the Zojila-la (5,000–5,500 m or 16,000–18,050 ft) and increase toward southeast, culminating in the twin summits of Nun-Kun (7000 m or 23,000 ft).

The Suru and Zanskar valleys form a great trough enclosed by the Himalayas and the Zanskar Range. Rangdum is the highest inhabited region in the Suru valley, after which the valley rises to 4,400 m (14,400 ft) at Pensi-la, the gateway to Zanskar. Kargil, the only town in the Suru valley, is the second most important town in Ladakh. It was an important staging post on the routes of the trade caravans before 1947, being more or less equidistant, at about 230 kilometers from Srinagar, Leh, and Padum. The Zanskar valley lies in the troughs of the Stod and the Lungnak rivers. The region experiences heavy snowfall the Penzi-la is open only between June and mid-October. Drass Valley form the western extremity of Ladakh.The Indus River is the backbone of Ladakh. Most major historical and current towns The Karakoram Range forms a great watershed that separates China from the Indian subcontinent and is sometimes called the "Third Pole." The glacier lies between the Saltoro Ridge immediately to the west and the main Karakoram Range to the east. At 76 km long,

Saser Kangri is the highest peak in the Saser Muztagh, the easternmost subrange of the Karakoram Range in India. Saser Kangri I having an altitude of 7,672 m (25,171 ft) The Ladakh Range has no major peaks; its average height is a little less than 6,300 m (20,000 ft), and few of its passes are less than 5,000 m (16,000 ft). The Pangong Range runs parallel to the Ladakh Range for about 100 km northwest from Chushul along the southern shore of the Pangong Lake. Its highest point is about 6,700 m (22,000 ft) and the northern slopes are heavily glaciated. The region comprising the valley of the Shayok and Nubra rivers is known as Nubra. The massifs to the north and east of the Nubra–Siachen line include the Apsarasas Group (highest point 7,245 m; 23,770 ft) The Rimo Muztagh (highest point 7,385 m; 24,229 ft) and the Teram Kangri Group (highest point 7,464 m; 24,488 ft) together with Mamostong Kangri (7,526 m; 24,692 ft) Ladakh is a high altitude desert as the Himalayas create a rain shadow, generally denying entry to monsoon clouds. The main source of water is the winter snowfall on the mountains. The regions on the north flank of the Himalayas — Drass, the Suru valley and Zanskar — experience heavy snowfall and remain cut off from the rest of the region for several months in the year, as the whole region remains cut off by road from the rest of the country. Summers are short, though they are long enough to grow crops. The summer weather is dry and pleasant. Temperature ranges are from 3 to 35 °C in summer and minimums range from -20 to -35 °C in winter

Zanskar is the main river of the region along with its tributaries. The Zanskar gets frozen during winter and the famous Chadar trek takes place on this magnificent frozen river.

Flora and fauna

 Vegetation is extremely sparse in Ladakh except along streambeds and wetlands, on high slopes, and in irrigated places The fauna of Ladakh has much in common with that of Central Asia in general and that of the Tibetan Plateau in particular. Exceptions to this are the birds, many of which migrate from the warmer parts of India to spend the summer in Ladakh. For such an arid area, Ladakh has a great diversity of birds — a total of 225 species have been recorded. Many species of finches, robins, redstarts (like the black redstart), and the hoopoe are common in summer.     

                        

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Sports

Archery is a traditional sport in Ladakh, and many villages hold archery festivals, which are as much about traditional dancing, drinking and gambling as about the sport. Polo, popular among the Balti’s with some support from financial heavyweights, is an annual affair in Drass region of District Kargil.The most popular sport in Ladakh is ice hockey, which is played only on natural ice generally mid-December through mid-February. Cricket is also famouse in Ladakh.

Climate

 climate

Religion.

The main religion in Ladakh is Buddhism. Buddhism culture is divided into the four main sects in the Ladakh. The oldest sect is Nyingmapa (red hat sect) followed by the Sakyapa sect. But the latest sect in the religion is Gelugpa, yellow hat sect. All the sects are well known by everyone in the Ladakh but the most known two sects are of Kagyupa (red hat sect) and Gelugpa (yellow hat sect).

The other religions which are known in Ladakh are Christianity and Islam. Leh, in Ladakh inhabit some Muslim population, whereas Kargil area, inhabit 85% of population. The Muslims in Leh are from the Sunni religion that is migrated from the Kashmir and central Asia. Even the Christians in Leh are also in small amount. These people are from the higher society which converts themselves into the Christianity. There are two churches for them, one in Leh and the other one in Leh.

Culture of Ladakh

The culture of Ladakh is rich with the Buddhism culture. The main culture of Ladakh is Buddhism with other bit part of religion of Hindu, Muslims and Christians. The land has many rocks engraving of Buddhist speaking even in areas like Drass and lower Suru valley. Most of the Muslim residents will be found at the Padum, Nubra valley and nearby places of Leh. The monasteries in Leh Ladakh display the culture of Buddhism.

Even the women in Ladakh are fully affected by the religion of the place. Here, women of Buddhist and Muslim culture, works not only at home but also works outside the home. Some families also run their business in which women take the full participation. They are totally free to interact with the men outside their home.

 

 

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